Words are also characterized as nouns by their ability to form possessives. Again, some pronouns have this ability as well (other, other’s). So before we explore the main functions of nouns, let’s pause to address an issue that sparks considerable controversy in offices, classrooms, faculty lounges, and Bubba’s Bar & Grill.
How do you form the possessives of nouns?
To make singular nouns possessive, just add “apostrophe ‑s.” To make plural nouns ending in an ‑s possessive, just add an apostrophe.The rule is easy to follow but trips up a lot of people.
What happens if the singular noun ends in an ‑s? How do you make the word boss possessive? Simple. Follow the rule.
Add “apostrophe ‑s” to make a singular noun possessive.
The boss’s rules governed our acts.
Congress’s policy showed up in the statute.
Bridget Jones’s Diary
The movie got it right.
Charles’s birthday party
This is Rule 1, page 1 of Strunk & White. It is also the rule of the Chicago Manual of Style and other leading style books.
The singular-noun rule does have a few exceptions. Form the possessives of biblical terms ending in ‑s by adding an apostrophe: Jesus’ disciples; Moses’ followers. Also, by tradition we write: for appearance’ (righteousness’, etc.) sake.
Two or More Possessors
Juan and Marlene’s Children?
If two or more possessors possess the same entity, then add “apostrophe ‑s” to the last possessor.
Juan and Marlene’s children
(Juan and Marlene are mom and dad).
But if each possessor separately possesses, then add “apostrophe ‑s” to each possessor.
Juan’s and Marlene’s children
(Juan and Marlene each have their own children).
Business with Plural Noun
General Motors’ Annual Report
Many businesses use plural words to form their names. Even though the name of the business is itself a singular noun, just add an apostrophe to the plural word to form the possessive.
General Motors’ annual report.
I have no clue on how to form the possessive of McDonald’s.
McDonald’s’s annual report? McDonald’s’ annual report?
Maybe just McDonald’s annual report.
You may download our entire discussion of the Parts of Speech. Simply download the Grammar eBook Understanding the Parts of Speech.