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as per

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Many people start off letters with as per your request and similar fluff.

For many years, standard texts on writing have condemned this wordy and pompous expression:

This hybrid is inexcusable. Instead of “as per your request” say “in accordance with your request” or “in compliance with your request.” Maurice H. Weseen, Crowell’s Dictionary of English Grammar (1928).

When used to mean “according to” (per your request, per your order), the expression [per] is business jargon at its worst and should be avoided. Equally annoying is the phrase "as per.” Charles T. Brusaw, The Business Writer’s Handbook (1987).

So instead of writing:

As per our predictions, sales have increased.


As we predicted, sales have increased.

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Use the citation below to add this article to your bibliography:


"as per." STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 25 Nov. 2017. <>.

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