Article »

can, may

This article is about can, may — enjoy your reading!

Both words are auxiliary verbs.

Our teachers in high school insisted that can expresses ability and that may grants permission. But children do not ask if they may do something. They ask if they can do something. They get this idiomatic expression from their parents, who say:

After you do your homework, you can go to the movie.

In informal speech, this expression is perfectly acceptable. It’s especially useful for negative questions:

Can’t I go to the movie?

To use may would require:

Mayn’t I go to the movie?


May I not go to the movie.

Either sounds unnatural.

But in formal writing, you should restrict can to a showing of ability and may to a granting of permission. Further, to show a possibility, use might.

Example: She can write well because she knows that writers may use certain colloquial expressions.

Have a discussion about this article with the community:


Use the citation below to add this article to your bibliography:


"can, may." STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 24 Nov. 2017. <>.

Free Writing Tool:

Grammar Checker

Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE!

Improve your writing now:

Download Grammar eBooks

It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages.