Languages have so many words that some of them are bound to be similar. In English, words that sound alike but do not mean the same thing are called homophones. Homophones can be confusing, and in their misuse, hilarity sometimes ensues. If you write that someone was swept away by the currant and you aren’t relating a cautionary tale of drunken misadventure, then you had probably better read the rest of this article to find out why these words are different.
The word current originated from Middle English (in the adjective sense ‘running, flowing’): from Old French corant ‘running’, from courre ‘run’, from Latin currere ‘run’. Currant originated from Middle English raisons of Corauntz, translating Anglo-Norman French raisins de Corauntz ‘grapes of Corinth’.
Current as noun:
Current as adjective:
Currant as noun:
A currant bun.
“Illegal killing and poaching of lions are occurring at a massive scale, which are contributing at a far greater extent to the current devastating decline of the species,” said Susie Sheppard, media director for Panthera, a coalition of cat academics dedicated to conservation. (The Star)
Current or currant:
Current and currant are nouns, but only current is an adjective, as well. Since currant and eat are spelled with the letter A, you should have little trouble remembering the appropriate context for the word currant. Also, current and electricity are spelled with the letter E. Current is the flow of a body of water or electricity, or an adjective meaning in the present. Currant is a type of berry. Since both of these words can be used as a noun, the choice is more difficult. Remember that currant, spelled with an A, and it is something that you eat. Eat and currant both contain the letter A. Additionally, current is spelled with an E, as is electricity. A current is a flow of electricity.