The prepositional phrase consists of two major parts:
1. the preposition 2. the object of the preposition
The object is the noun (or pronoun) attached to the sentence by the preposition. That noun might be a true noun, a noun phrase, or a noun clause. The entire unit then acts in two major ways:
1. as an adjective 2. as an adverb
Let’s look at various types of prepositional phrases. Note especially that various noun forms can serve as the object of the preposition:
|Preposition||Object||Type of Noun||Example and Function of Prepositional Phrase|
|under||the table||true noun||The book under the table belongs to Juan. (adjective prepositional phrase modifying book)|
|of||winning with class||-ing verb phrase (gerund)||He is the model of winning with class. (adjective prepositional phrase modifying model)|
|of||whether this case applies||noun clause||The question of whether this case applies troubled the court. (adjective prepositional phrase modifying question)|
|because of||his diligence||true noun||Because of his diligence, he won the debate. (adverbial prepositional phrase modifying won)|
|according to||scientific principles||true noun||He conducted the experiment according to scientific principles. (adverbial prepositional phrase modifying conducted)|
Previous: 3. Compound Prepositions
Next: Objective Case of Pronouns
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