The English we speak and write appears to be simple enough to be easily understandable by everyone. But when it comes to the grammar, the simplicity is somewhat lost. The grammar of any language is the most difficult yet most important component that an individual must comprehend fully in order to ace that language.
English grammar comprises of many terms and phenomenon but today we will talk about adjective and its comparative form.
The term adjective is used to refer to words in a sentence that describe the quality of the noun. In other terms, adjectives add more meaning to nouns.
She ate a red apple.
The detailed essay covered all aspects.
In the above two examples, the words red and detailed add more information to the nouns apple and essay respectively hence they are termed as adjectives.
Now adjectives may also be used to compare two or more nouns in a sentence. When two things or nouns are compared, the adjectives used are comparative.
She ate a bigger apple then her sister.
In the above example, the word bigger is the adjective that is used to describe the noun apple. Now in this example, the adjective not only describes the noun but also compares it with another noun i.e. the apple her sister ate, thus it is known as comparative adjective.
Note that a simple adjective big can be used as a comparative adjective by adding the suffix –er at the end.
Other examples include closer, larger, stranger, wiser, thinner, faster, greater etc.
I am more comfortable in this seat.
Now consider the above example. This sentence also contains a comparative objective but that is not in the form of adding –er at the end of a word but adding more before it. The term more comfortableshows that the speaker is comparing two seats and find one more comfortable, hence comparative adjective is used.
So another way of making an adjective comparative is by adding more at the beginning of it. Other examples include more serene, more hesitant, more expensive, more dangerous etc.