Protasis and Apodosis

  angbeenc  —  Grammar Tips

Each and every grammatical expression has different names for it. Some are more common while others are not so commonly spoken or known about. Protasis and apodosis is also an example of two such words. If you are a grammar geek then you would probably know what they mean.

Conditional Sentences:

In English language, a conditional sentence is one that is composed of two clauses, the if clause and the main clause. The if clause shows the condition and the other clause shows the consequences.


If he had the time, he would have definitely come.

If Clause:

In the above example, the if clause that represents the condition which is ‘if he had the time’.

Main clause:

‘he would have definitely come’ is the main clause and represents the consequence in the above sentence.


The grammatical term used to represent the If clause is called protasis.


If he had the time

If I were rich

If we won the match

All the above conditional clauses are the examples of protasis.


The grammatical term used to represent the main clause of the conditional sentence which shows the consequence is called apodosis.


He would have definitely come.

I will buy a house.

We would be celebration