In order to understand and have full command over English language, you need to know what about its grammar. In English, the most basic element of grammar is a sentence. A language cannot exist or be understood without a sentence.
In today’s article, I will discuss about the basic grammatical element i.e. a sentence. I will discuss what makes up a sentence and what the difference between a complete and incomplete sentence is.
A sentence is a group of words that are written together to make sense of something. In other words, a set or group of words that are used to convey something to someone is called a sentence.
Sara is sleeping peacefully.
Requirements of a sentence
A sentence must meet some requirements to be considered a complete sentence. One thing you should know is that any group of words written together with a capital letter at start and a period at the end does not make up a sentence. A sentence must contain a subject and a verb.
He is an officer.
The above example is that of a complete sentence as it contains the subject i.e. he and a verb is.
A sentence is known to be a complete sentence if it contains a subject and a predicate. A predicate is anything in a sentence except the predicate.
Mario sells brownies at the stall.
In this example of a complete sentence, Mario is the subject, sells is the verb and sells brownies at the stall is the predicate.
As I mentioned before, any group of words written together do not constitute a subject. A subject must meet its requirements.
Brownies at the stall.
Now the above example is that of an incomplete sentence as it is missing the subject. This type of incomplete sentences are also known as phrases.