Serving as Other Parts of Speech

  edgood  —  Grammar Tips
Prepositions Serving Double Duty

Many words that serve as prepositions also serve as other parts of speech. The word up, for example, acts as a preposition:
He looked up the tree. (prepositional phrase)
But the word up can also serve as an adverb:
He looked up. (adverb modifying looked)
And the word up can join a verb to form what’s called a complement verb, or phrasal verb, a verb consisting of a verb and a merged preposition (drop out, dredge up):
He looked up the word. (part of complement verb look up)
Some words can act as a preposition and a subordinating conjunction:
He left after the movie. (preposition)

After the movie ended, he left. (subordinating conjunction)

Previous: Ending a Sentence or Clause with a Preposition

Next: The “Like” Word