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despot, despotism - vocabulary

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  Ed Good  —  Grammar Tips

despot, despotism - noun

Despot: a monarch or other rule with absolute power; a tyrant or oppressor.

Despotism: rule by an autocratic government; tyranny; a country ruled by a despot.

There are three kinds of despots. There is the despot who tyrannises over the body. There is the despot who tyrannises over the soul. There is the despot who tyrannises over the soul and body alike. The first is called the Prince. The second is called the Pope. The third is called the People.

—Oscar Wilde ”The Soul of Man Under Socialism” Fortnightly Review, February 1891

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