The English language uses adjectives and adverbs in a sentence to describe the quality of a noun or a verb. In other words, some words that add meaning to the noun or verb of a sentence are called adjective and adverb respectively.
The adjectives and adverbs can have two forms in a sentence; a comparative form or a superlative form. These forms are classified by the way they describe the noun or verb. Today, we will discuss the differences between these two forms of adjectives and adverbs and the role they play in building a sentence.
As we know that the word comparative came from the origin word, compare, comparative form of adjectives and adverbs are used in a sentence when a comparison has to be drawn between two nouns or verbs.
The regular form of shorter adjectives and adverbs (i.e. one or two syllable) can be converted into comparative forms by the addition of suffix -er. If the adjective ends in -y, it’s comparative can be formed by replacing it with an –I if the –y is preceded by a consonant. For example, pretty becomes prettier.
When longer adjectives (more than two syllables) or adverbs ending with –ly are to be converted into comparative forms, instead of adding -er at the end, we add the word more before the adjective or adverb.
Adam is the most intelligent among his siblings.
Apart from all these rules there are some exceptions. There exist some adjectives and adverbs in English language which have irregular comparative and superlative forms and you just have to remember them the way they are. These include: bad (worse, worst)/well (better, best)/much (more, most).