The English language provides another mood, the subjunctive mood. It was used far more frequently in the olden days. In modern times, we use it mainly to show:
1. situations contrary to fact 2. wishes 3. suppositions 4. commands 5. suggestions 6. necessity
The first three usually show up with constructions of the verb to be. The last three occur not only with to be as well but also with action verbs.
Subjunctive Mood of the Verb To Be
We form the subjunctive mood of the verb to be like this:
|he, she, it||is/was||be/were|
|we, you, they||are/were||be/were|
Subjunctive Mood of Action Verbs
We form the subjunctive for other verbs by dropping the -s ending for third-person singular verbs. Here’s the verb to complete:
|he, she, it||completes||complete|
|we, you, they||complete||complete|
As you can see, for action verbs, the subjunctive differs only for the third-person singular.
Previous: Chapter 5 - Subjunctive Mood
Next: Situations Requiring the Subjunctive Mood
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