Grammar Tips & Articles »


This article is about gerund — enjoy your reading!

48 sec read
  Ed Good  —  Grammar Tips
Font size:

A gerund is a present participle (-ing verb) used as a noun. If the ‑ing verb acts as an adjective, it is not a gerund but a participial adjective. Thus, the expression a winning hand is not a gerund. It is simply a present participle (winning) used as an adjective.

A gerund may serve virtually any noun function. For example, it can act as the subject of a sentence, as a direct object, or as the object of a preposition. Examples of each follow:

Winning the race became his obsession. (Gerundive phrase serving as the grammatical subject.)

I like swimming. (Gerund serving as the direct object of the verb like.)

He perfected his technique of swinging the golf club. (Gerundive phrase serving as the object of the preposition of.)

Beware the fused participle. Consult the section on Verbs in Parts of Speech on for a thorough discussion. Click here for the beginning of that discussion.

Rate this article:

Have a discussion about this article with the community:



    Use the citation below to add this article to your bibliography:


    "gerund." STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 18 Jun 2024. <>.

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web!


    Free Writing Tool:

    Grammar Checker

    Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE!


    Are you a grammar master?

    Choose the sentence with correct use of the imperative sentence:
    A Close the window before you leave.
    B He wants to close the window.
    C She is closing the window behind her.
    D They are closing the window.

    Improve your writing now:

    Download Grammar eBooks

    It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages.