English grammar is a diversified and varied branch of English language and one has to have complete command of it to understand and write well. You might or might not have come across the word mood or grammatical mood of a sentence. Know that this mood is not anything like the ordinary moods that we have or show.
1. Major Mood
2. Minor Mood
The basic mood of a sentence is called major mood. The major mood of grammar is further categorized into three main types which are commonly used in spoken and written English language. These three moods include:
i. Subjunctive Mood
ii. Imperative Mood
iii. Indicative Mood
Among these Indicative mood is the most commonly occurring mood and a sentence is said to be in indicative mood if it is declaring a fact. Imperative mood is used to demand or request something. Subjunctive mood however, indicates a wish or a doubt in a sentence.
Minor mood of English grammar is rarely used and seen in spoken and written text. It is much diversified and is used marginally for communication. Various forms of minor moods are found in English grammar which include:
iii. Alternate Question
“You are going, aren’t you.”
What a nice meal!
Are you a listener or a speaker?
When some is proclaimed as ill fortuned, the mood is curse.
“You are a pig.”