Lets first understand the syntax –
To form a gerund, use the infinitive + -ing. For example, reading, writing, going, teaching etc., where infinitive is nothing but the base form of verb.
Gerund can be used as a subject or an object like in “Teaching is my passion” and “I enjoy teaching” respectively.
Gerunds are simple and easy, and we use them in everyday conversations, sometimes without realising that we are using them! Here are a few examples where you can easily spot gerund –
· Running is my favourite exercise.
· I love talking to my friends.
· I regret saying that to her.
· I feel like going out for a walk.
· You should consider buying a new TV.
· The movie is worth watching at least once.
Notably, the first few examples have a verb + gerund, but the last one contains special phrase “worth”. Few more examples where gerunds are used with special phrases are -
· there is no point in taking revenge.
· She should spend her time reading some good books.
You can use gerunds while asking questions as well –
· How about taking up the stitching course?
· Did she mention going around with my mother?
· How about solving another round of math puzzle right now?
· What about spending the day at the beach?
· Shall we go dancing at the bar tomorrow?
With this article, now you know how to find gerunds in sentences, differentiate them from continuous verbs and also to use them appropriately.