Consider the following sentences –
Go from here right now!
Think about the difference between the 2 sentences. In the first one, the mood is that of a command, however the second one is like a wish (hope). The verb in the first sentence is in the imperative mood.
Formation of imperative
Verb + object + rest of the sentence
Fill up + the form + in capital letters.
Don’t + use + calculators + in the exam.
Clean + the room + before going to bed!
The imperative tone
Imperative mood is generally used in second person. So, when we say ‘Go to the market’ it essentially means ‘You should go to the market’ but since the command given is for the other person, ‘you’ is obvious and we don’t mention it. In case the person saying the imperative sentence wants to include self, “let’s” can be used. For example – Let’s go to the park today evening, Let’s not argue over petty things.
Softer imperative moods
Add 2 cups of sugar in my tea.
Please add 2 cups of sugar in my tea.
Please note – “Could you please add 2 cups of sugar in my tea” or “Could you add 2 cups of sugar in my tea” – is not an instruction or command, hence this is not an imperative sentence. Use of “could you” makes this a question. Same way, usage of “would” in the above sentence will remove the sense of command from the sentence.
Use imperatives for instructions
· Click on start
· Type ‘word’ in the search bar
· Click on ‘Word’ from the list
· Select ‘Blank document’ from the options