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Types of Sentences

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  Angbeen Chaudhary  —  Grammar Tips
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A sentence is the simplest element of English grammar that makes up the language. A sentence is two or more words that contains a subject and a verb and gives a complete thought that is understandable.

Example:

She smiled.

This is the simplest and shortest example of a complete sentence with a subject and a verb.

In today’s article, our focus is on the type of sentences that are found in English language. I will throw light on each one of these types and help you get a better understanding of them.

Types of Sentences:

There are four main types of sentences which include:

Declarative Sentence

A sentence that is used to declare a fact or some information to the reader or listener is called declarative sentence. Its main characteristic is that it always ends with a period.

Example:

The chair was broken.

The above example is that of a declarative sentence as some information is given to the reader and the sentence is ending with a period.

Imperative Sentence

 A sentence that is used to give a command or make a request is known as an imperative sentence. The imperative sentence may end with a period or an exclamation mark.

Example:

Shut the door!

In this example, a command is given and the sentence is ending with an exclamation mark indicating that this is an imperative sentence.

Interrogative Sentence

As the name suggests, an interrogative sentence is the one that asks a question from the reader or listener and ends with a question mark instead of a period.

Example:

Is it clear?

The above sentence is an example of an interrogative sentence where the writer is asking a question from the reader.

Exclamatory Sentence

A sentence falls in the category of exclamatory sentence if it conveys emotion or excitement of the writer or speaker. An important characteristic of exclamatory sentence is that it always ends with an exclamation mark.

Example:

We won the match!

The above example clearly states the excitement of the writer who is telling his reader that he won the match and that he is very happy about it.

 

 

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