Grammar Tips & Articles »

What types of plagiarism exist?

With the damage which plagiarism has caused in the field of academia, it is vital to mention anddetail various forms of plagiarism. Research indicates that a majority of students plagiarize outof carelessness as compared to actual intent. Whether deliberate or accidental it should beavoided by modern students, this can be reduced by use of online tech tool plagiarism checker toscan your work before submission.

8:02 min read
  Yigal Ben Efraim  —  Grammar Tips
Font size:
Different Types of Plagiarism

There are diverse plagiarism types. While analyzing the gravity, extend and plagiarism spectrum it is important to determine if it’s unintentional or intentional. That’s the reason to why adverse knowledge of egregious act in academic fraud is a critical component in universities.

Deliberate Plagiarism

This the most common form. It is the act of trying to present someone else’s work as your own, with the intention to deceive the academic tutors. This kind of piracy carries the most severe penalty because students have deliberately shown themselves to be lacking consciousness and shady –damaging characters in their career path.


Frequently occur in the academic world, where the student attempts to alter few words but maintain same sentence formation, initially used by the author. The assumption is that by changing a few words, the academic instructor won’t spot the academic dishonesty. This is another case of deliberate plagiarism. It occurs with a clear intent not accidental.

Patchwork paraphrasing

It is same as paraphrasing, except that the author steals idea and words from various sources and patch them together. This is a blatant, deceitful and deliberate course of paraphrasing which is easily detectable. Plagiarism find isn’t a rocket thing for the experienced professors in the world of academia. The student summarizes author’s main points and argument without due academic acknowledgment- citing their names at the end of the report or essay. Occasionally, the learner can try to cover up by using a different name to quote or using their name.


This concept of falsification involves going through volumes of academic journals and books, noting word key arguments to appear different but in essence, it’s similar. The scholar uses work of other author’s and taking credit of their idea and words, claiming ownership of the subject matter. Availability of internet has increased patchwork plagiarism since there is a repository of both journal and books. Therefore learners can copy and paste citations without duly interpretation of the text. This gives a false impression that they have researched and read diversely about authors work.

Stitching Sources

This literary theft has limited visibility and difficult to detect unless sophisticated plagiarism finds tools are incorporated. The apprentice accurately and correctly cites the source list but unable to critically dissect source text to produce their work. It’s likely to happen accidentally as compared to deliberate. It can happen when the research is over-reliant to other authors work instead of engaging his analytical skills to advance their arguments critically.

Using a Copy of Own Work

This type of piracy is a somewhat surprising concept, however, a bit less deceitful compared to paraphrasing and deliberate. Learners might be presented with questions which are similar to those tackled in previous years of study. A student might resort to using the already available answers with a thought of avoiding straining. More often students to fix by reworking a few sections to suit well grading formula of the new assessment. In the academic world, one cannot get a double degree or grade using same previous work. Mosaic Plagiarism Among the forms of plagiarism this a deliberate effort to using synonyms to replace the exact existing words by the author to appear as your own. Involves retaining the author’s central argument or idea and simply interchanging few words to pass the work as your own. The academic instructor grades the report or essays based on main discussions or opinions by the researcher.

Accidental Plagiarism

It usually occurs when a student neglects to cite the source, unintentionally paraphrases from sources in patchwork or mistakes authors view with another. The lack of intent doesn’t mitigate

the damage which this academic dishonest inflict on the validity of the academic score. To effectively handle this case, cite references accurately with the help of online generators.

Buying assignments

Outsourcing of workforce to handle one's task; term paper, essay or project. It is a significant issue in today’s modern universities and colleges; it carries the stiffest penalty since it has spread the plagiarism spectrum. In some cases, students are expelled when caught purchasing assignments and presenting them for grading. Buying of the assignment is the most severe plagiarism a learner can commit.

Inaccurate authorship

Also referred to as false authorship or misleading attribution on how students cite writer of the academic piece. The researcher decides to cite one author in case there are several, to save time on references. For not giving credit it all the writers of the content is considered plagiarism.

Despite the varying in the penalty of the above plagiarism types, it is prudent for students to avoid any academic dishonest during their period of study to attain good grades. These warnings should be taken positively by learners since they remind them what to avoid during answer formulation to reports and essays. The utilization of online sources has hugely contributed to the cropping of these kinds of breaches. This is as a result of the large volume of sources that can be quickly and readily available online. Increasing the likelihood of students misusing these aides with a thought of boosting their results.

Learning institutions are constantly attempting ways to determine where infringement has occurred and if it was deliberate or accidental. This vital since it helps in administering proportional penalty, from grade related to expulsion.

Consequences of Plagiarism

All the forms of academic cheating have severe consequences that will negatively impact the student’s academic and career path. What is often overlooked is the effect of academic counterfeiting on the institution that the learner takes his/her studies from and the economy at large. Impact of this menace can result in a shortage of skilled human resources in the private sector. There are also legal implications, where infringement of copyright rules has occurred.
This comes with a financial penalty.

How to Avoid Plagiarism

With the emergence of the internet, interference of online channels has evolved forms of plagiarism becoming more sophisticated to detect. The most promising thing is that it can be avoided quite easily. The practical way to avoid this menace is first to understand why and how it occurs. Concisely, you will deal with the effect if you have grasp and understanding of the cause. The below exercise will help you identify how plagiarism manifests itself. Look at your written content compare with your initial content. Dissect them simultaneously as you ask the following questions, the sincerer the response, the better knowledge about plagiarism;

1. Have you illustrated pieces of text constituting direct quotation? 2. Do your notes indicate the sources of the arguments are fetched?
3. Have distinguished the ideas you borrowed and your own? 4. Have you paraphrased your notes in previous writing? 5. Were you using your previous work or someone else’s content to save on time?

A single or combination instance of the above issues is the main reason you have felt in the trap of plagiarism- whether accidentally or deliberately. By recognizing this, you are better placed to avoid it.

The practical way to avoid it in university, college or school is to be careful when taking notes. The notes will make the baseline of how you are going to answer the project or essay, so it is prudent to start it on the right foot. While taking notes, it is easy for the learner to be careless especially when the time is limited to access the source text or in a rush. To maintain the originality of argument and words, the place to be keen is note taking.

Tips to Avoid Plagiarism in University, College or School

1. List the sources correct and accurately when taking notes for your report or essay. 2. Use constant correct notation that will help you familiarize with the institutions referencing style requirement. 3. Reread through your notes to ascertain you have accurately acknowledged the sources of other writers. 4. Utilize the referencing system; color- coding to quickly show your text and quotations of other authors words and ideas. 5. Be careful while punctuating and structuring sentences for citation. 6. Scan your work using online plagiarism checker.

Original thought is better than someone else’s eloquently expressed idea; originality is valued in the academic world.

Reference Your Work Correctly

This might sound over simplistic, but it’s the major contributor of accidental plagiarism. The following pointers will help students to reference their texts effectively: 1. When using a direct quotation from someone’s writing make sure you reference the actual source. 2. Acknowledge other peoples work. 3. Reference critical assumptions and ideas of other authors, even when there’s no direct quotation. 4. Don’t depend on analysis, essential judgments and arguments of others. To be original, it involves you advancing your ideas regarding the report or essay question.

Build up Your Writing Style

Students should consider developing their unique writing style. The majority find it difficult when first trying to write a report or project, therefore resorting to copying. To be more proficient it calls for persistent and hard work. To improve the writing skills, the learner should

take notes while researching. As you repeat this process, again and again, you’ll note a significant positive change.

This will give students the much-needed confidence to use their writing skill a concept that is very important in once coursework. This issue of writing style can be a hard nut for international students whom English is not their first language, and they resort to plagiarizing since they struggle to put a second language in written. Plagiarism is the greatest danger for your writing but there are many online tools that can help you to check your text for plagiarism in order to avoid it.
Rate this article:

Have a discussion about this article with the community:



    Use the citation below to add this article to your bibliography:


    "What types of plagiarism exist?." STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 18 Jun 2024. <>.

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web!


    Free Writing Tool:

    Grammar Checker

    Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE!


    Are you a grammar master?

    Identify the sentence with correct use of the past perfect continuous tense:
    A She had been working for hours before taking a break.
    B We will be finishing our meal by the time they arrive.
    C He finished his book before the movie started.
    D They have been studying for hours.

    Improve your writing now:

    Download Grammar eBooks

    It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages.