Grammar Tips & Articles »

present-participial phrase

This article is about present-participial phrase — enjoy your reading!

  Ed Good  —  Grammar Tips
Font size:

All main verbs have a present-participial form. Just add ‑ing and you've got a present participle. Sometimes you have to drop a silent ‑e as in writing. And sometimes you double an ending consonant, as in occurring.

The present participle can form a present-participial phrase. If the present-participial verb is transitive, the phrase can have an object in it, as in winning the case.

The present-participial phrase usually acts as an adjective. It can come at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle of a sentence, or at the end of a sentence. When you start a sentence with a present-participial phrase, make certain that the grammatical subject of the sentence is the agent of that verbal activity. Otherwise, you will have written a dangling participle. Here are examples of a present-participial phrase beginning a sentence, coming inside a sentence, and ending a sentence:

Trying to impress his boss, the employee worked late each night. The other man, carrying a package, jumped aboard the car. The scales struck the plaintiff, causing injuries for which she sues.

Finally, a present-participial phrase can act as a noun. When it does, it's called a gerund.

See gerund. See also infinitive phrase and past-participial phrase.

Rate this article:(4.43 / 4 votes)

Have a discussion about this article with the community:


Use the citation below to add this article to your bibliography:


"present-participial phrase." STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 30 May 2020. <>.

Free, no signup required:

Add to Chrome

Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web!

Free, no signup required:

Add to Firefox

Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web!

Free Writing Tool:

Grammar Checker

Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE!

Improve your writing now:

Download Grammar eBooks

It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages.

Thanks for your vote! We truly appreciate your support.